看比賽攻守數據時,有些項目會令人不清楚是指什麼。找了一下ESPN上有關Glossary的說明,提供給同樣需要的人。當然每個網站統計的項目多少會有些不同,以下大部分是大家有提到的。

MLB Statistics Glossary
http://espn.go.com/mlb/statistics/glossary.html

打者部分

#P/PAPitches seen per plate appearance(每打席耗費對手投球數)
2BDoubles(二壘安打)
3BTriples(三壘安打)
ABAt-bats(打數)
AvgBatting average(平均打擊率,有些人使用"BA"這個詞)
H divided by AB
BBBases on balls(保送)
BB/KWalks Per Strikeout(保送/三振比)
BB/PAWalks Per Plate Appearance(每打席保送數)
CSCaught stealing(盜壘失敗)
FBFly balls hit, excluding home runs(擊出飛球數,含全壘打)
GGames played(出賽數)
G/FGround ball/fly ball ratio(滾地球/飛球比)
GB divided by FB
GIDPGrounded into double play(雙殺打數)
HHits(安打數)
HBPHit by pitch(觸身球保送)
HRHome runs(全壘打)
IBBIntentional bases on balls(故意四壞)
IsoPIsolated Power(純粹長打率)
(Slugging Percentage - Batting Average)
LOBRunners left on base(殘壘數)
OBPOn-base percentage(上壘率)
(H + BB + HBP) divided by (AB + BB + HBP + SF)
OPSOn-base percentage plus slugging percentage. See OBP, above, and Slg, below, for definitions(上壘率加長打率,可評估攻擊能力)
OW%Offensive winning percentage. The theoretical winning percentage of a team comprising nine of the same players (e.g. nine Ken Griffey Jrs.).
1) Figure runs created per 27 outs [Note: Total outs = (AB - H + C + GIDP + SH + SF)]. 2) Divide by league average runs per game. 3) Square the result. 4) Divide that figure by 1 + itself
Qualified year-to-dateIn order to qualify for batting titles in averaged categories (Avg, Slg, OBP, OPS, RC, OW%, #P/PA, G/F), a player must average at least 3.1 plate appearances for every game his team has played. Sorting by qualified year-to-date excludes all players not currently on pace to reach that minimum(算各項數據需要每場比賽平均3.1打席,以qualified year-to-date排序可排除未達打席最小數者 )
RRuns(得分)
RBIRuns batted in(打點)
RCRuns created
[(H + BB + HBP - CS - GIDP) times (Total bases + .26[BB - IBB + HBP] + .52[SH + SF + SB])] divided by (AB + BB + HBP + SH+ SF)
RC27Runs created per 27 outs (Estimates how many runs per game a team made up of nine of the same player would score)
SBStolen bases(盜壘成功數)
SecASecondary Average (A way to look at a player's extra bases gained, independent of Batting Average)
(TB - H + BB + SB - CS) / AB
SFSacrifice flies(高飛犧牲打)
SHSacrifice hits(犧牲觸擊)
SlgSlugging percentage(長打率,解釋成平均打數壘打數比較適當)
TB divided by AB
SOStrikeouts(被三振數)
TBTotal bases(壘打數)
Hits + 2B + (3B times 2) + (HR times 3)
TPATotal plate appearances(打席數)
AB + BB + HBP + SF + SH + times reached on defensive interference
XBHExtra Base Hits(一壘打以外的壘打數)
2B + 3B + HR

投手部份
#P/IPPitches thrown per inning(平均每局投球數)
#P/GSPitches thrown per start(平均先發投球數)
#PitPitches thrown(投球數)
2BDoubles allowed(被二壘打數)
3BTriples allowed(被三壘打數)
AGSAverage Game Score. See Game Score, below(平均GSc)
AvgBatting average allowed(被打擊率)
BBBases on balls(保送)
BkBalks(投手犯規)
BlSvBlown saves. See SvOp, below, for definition of a save situation(救援失敗)
CGComplete games(完投)
CSRunners caught stealing(跑者盜壘失敗)
DecDecision (Win, loss)
EREarned runs(自責失分)
ERAEarned-run average(每九局自責失分率,也就是俗稱的防禦率)
(ER times 9) divided by IP
FBFly balls hit against(被擊出飛球數)
G/FGround ball/fly ball ratio against(滾地球/飛球比)
GB divided by FB
GBGround balls hit against(被擊出滾地球數)
GIDPGrounded into double plays against(讓打者擊出雙殺數)
GFGames finished(比賽收尾次數)
GSGames started(先發出賽數)
GScGame Score. Start with 50 points. Add 1 point for each out recorded, (3 points per inning). Add 2 points for each inning completed after the 4th. Add 1 point for each strikeout. Subtract 2 points for each hit allowed. Subtract 4 points for each earned run allowed. Subtract 2 points for each unearned run allowed. Subtract 1 point for each walk.
HHits against(被安打)
HldHolds. Earned when a relief pitcher enters a game in a save situation (see SvOp, below, for definition), records at least one out, and leaves the game without having given up the lead(中繼點)
HRHome runs allowed(被全壘打)
IBBIntentional bases on balls(故意四壞)
IPInnings pitched(投球局數)
IRInherited runners. Runners on base when a relief pitcher enters a game(上場接力投球時壘上跑者數)
ISInherited runners scored. Number of inherited runners (see IR, above) to score while a particular pitcher is still in the game(讓IR得分)
LLosses(敗場數)
OBPOn-base percentage allowed. See OBP in Batting Statistics, above, for definition of OBP
ORunsOpponents' runs scored (average, per nine innings pitched) while the pitcher of record.(對手平均九局得分)
Qualified year-to-dateIn order to qualify for pitching titles in averaged categories (ERA, WPct, #P/IP, RS, ORuns, Slg, OBP, Avg, CS%, G/F), a player must average at least one inning pitched for every game his team has played. Sorting by qualified year-to-date excludes all players not currently on pace to reach that minimum
QSQuality starts(優質先發)
RRuns
RBIRuns batted in allowed
RelRelief decision (Save, blown save, hold)
RSRun support. Team's runs scored (average, per 9 innings pitched) while the pitcher of record(隊友平均九局得分)
SBStolen bases allowed
SFSacrifice flies allowed
SHSacrifice hits allowed
ShOShutouts(完封)
SlgSlugging percentage allowed. See Slg in Batting Statistics, above, for definition
SOStrikeouts(三振)
SvSaves. Earned when a pitcher finishes a game without having given up the lead after entering in a save situation (see SvOp, below, for definition)(救援成功)
SvOpSave opportunities. When a pitcher 1) enters the game with a lead of three or fewer runs and pitches at least one inning, 2) enters the game with the potential tying run on base, at bat, or on deck, or 3) pitches three or more innings with a lead and is credited with a save by the official scorer(上場時符合救援成功的次數)
TBFTotal batters faced(面對打者總數)
WHIPWalks plus hits divided by Innings Pitched(保送+被安打)/局數
WWins(勝投)
WPctWinning percentage(勝率)
Wins divided by (Wins + losses)
WPWild pitches(暴投)
守備方面
AAssists(助殺)
CERACatcher's earned-run average. Earned-run average of club's pitchers with a particular catcher behind the plate(捕手防禦率,投手與此捕手搭配的防禦率)
CSRunners caught stealing(阻殺盜壘次數)
CS%Percentage of runners caught stealing(阻殺率)
DPDouble plays (協助雙殺守備)
EErrors(失誤)
FPctFielding percentage(守備率)
(PO + A) divided by (PO + A + E)
GGames played(出賽)
GSGames started(先發)
InnInnings(局數)
PBPassed balls(補逸)
PCSPitchers' caught stealing. Total runners caught stealing when the player who initiates the fielding play is the pitcher
POPutouts(出局)
POAPickoff attempts(嘗試牽制阻殺數)
Qualified year-to-dateIn order to qualify for fielding titles in averaged categories (FPct., RF, CS%, CERA), a player must meet the following qualifiers: Catchers must play 1/2 of their team's games; Pitchers must average at least one inning pitched for each of their team's games; Position players must play 2/3 of their team's games. Sorting by qualified year-to-date excludes all players not currently on pace to reach that minimum
RFRange factor
(PO + A) divided by 9 innings
SBAStolen bases allowed(被盜壘)
TCTotal chances
ZRZone rating. The percentage of balls fielded by a player in his typical defensive "zone," as measured by STATS, Inc.

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